Monday, February 2, 2015

More low female literacy in Balochistan

Education is a right denied many children in Pakistan, but the state of literacy, especially women in Balochistan is bleak leave of up to 70% of the girls to school.

The statistics paint a bleak picture, brought up with less than two percent of rural women, and only 26 percent female literacy cited throughout the province, from sources in the Department of Education.

Co-education schools and colleges are there in the Makran belt, but the emergence of new militant organizations of dire consequences daughters warned that prevents women from recruitment, Balochistan rush at the lowest female literacy Pakistan.

But statistics and securities barely tell the story.

With limited access to schools in the province; most girls enroll in primary school, but fall out as they get older. According to officials, the dropout rate to 70 percent in Dera Bugti with the highest is his.

"Dera Bugti at the top in terms of the low literacy rate women across the country," said Saboor Kakar, Education Minister Balochistan.

Kakar believes activism is the cause.

"The dropout rate in girls' schools in Balochistan is the worst in all other provinces because of militancy in the region," he said in an interview with

In Panjgur, a district of Makran private co-educational schools have targeted and threatened by militants to close this year in May. The parents were not intimidated to send their daughters to school.

A school van was burned Panjgur and teachers were warned to exercise their profession. After the attack, the schools were closed for the day to district ordered the closure of Baloch nationalist groups to the scene of protests to mount pressure on the government to re-open schools.

"We will not allow the forced closure of Makran schools," said Ghullam Nabi Marri, the central leader of the Balochistan National Party.

A similar trend was also observed in other districts Makran division include Turbat and Gwadar. Although the government is aware of the dangers, they were able to organize separate classes for girls or to find an alternative.

The influx of teachers in Quetta

In Quetta, the female literacy rate is better compared to the remote areas of Balochistan. Teachers in Khuzdar, fattening and other districts have either given up fighting their profession, or give their work in Quetta.

According to statistics from the Ministry of Education Balochistan provided there is only one teacher for three students APWA Girls High School Quetta. In comparison, a teacher for more than a hundred students in Kuchlak, Ghabarg and other towns on the outskirts of Quetta.

"Teachers can not work there in an atmosphere of threats and intimidation to do," Gul said Bushra Kakar, a well-known educator.

The state of education in Balochistan was dark due to the instability in the province for many years.

"Even though I from the earth, I refuse to teach in crisis areas of the province," Kakar, who has been teaching for 20 years, said.

Bushra Gul said that because of these threats, most teachers in rural Balochistan either took unpaid leave or have left the profession for the safety of their lives. "Many professors of the University of Balochistan were also forced to leave their jobs."

fewer schools

Not difficult to access schools, but there are actually less schools in the province in terms of population.

According to the census of Pakistan 1998 there are more than 22,000 companies in Balochistan and the number of government-run primary and secondary schools is about 12 000. The report suggests that almost half of Balochistan is private lessons.

"We need to create at least 10,000 other schools to enroll children who are deprived of education," Sardar Muhammad Raza Bareech said the adviser Balochistan Chief Minister of Education.

Build more schools does not seem to improve the only solution to the level of education in the province. The legitimacy of thousands of existing schools is in question. The number of ghost schools were cited as far as 3000 with over 5000 'ghost' teachers. These "teachers" who have never crossed the threshold of their schools regularly receive their salaries.

Deterioration of law and order in connection with a budget, teacher absenteeism and lack of schools, institutions and growing corruption were the factors that underlie low literacy rate in Balochistan.

Then there is the problem of poverty.

Often children are not in school because most of them work to support their families affected in order to survive.

This year, the Government of Balochistan has declared an emergency education situation in the province, but largely confined to documents.